The Causes and Symptoms of Cancer

Anybody is susceptible to cancer, we all have the potential within our own bodies.  There are more than 100 different types of cancers affecting different parts of the body, and this disease happens when healthy cells start to mutate and they become malignant.  Your body is supposed to generate new cells all the time but sometimes things don’t work right and you generate new cells before you are supposed to and the old ones don’t die off when they should.  These extra cells can form a tumor.  The cancer cells that make up the tumor can also spread to other parts of your body.

Some Common Symptoms

Cancer symptoms can vary depending on the type of cancer and what stage you are at.  Here are some warning that you should never ignore, if you have any of these then get yourself to a doctor to have them checked out.

  • Unusual discharge or bleeding
  • Lumps in your breast or in a testicle
  • Changes in the color or shape of a mole
  • A cough that won’t go away
  • Changes in your bowels or bladder
  • Chronic indigestion

Early Diagnosis

Early diagnosis and treatment improve your chance of survival.  Many cancers can be detected with routine checkups or self-examination such as the case with breast or testicular cancers.  There are still too many types of cancer that go undiagnosed until it is too late.  Most cancers fall into one of the following four categories.

  • Sarcoma: This type of cancer happens in the bone, muscle, fat, cartilage or any of the connecting tissues
  • Leukemia: This type of cancer starts in the bone marrow and affect the production of blood
  • Lymphoma: These cancers affect the lymphatic systems and your immune system
  • Central Nervous System: These types of cancers affect the brain and nervous system

Causes of Cancer

There are countless factors that can cause cancer such as age, genetics, gender, your local environment, lifestyle, diet, tobacco use just to name a few.  Some of these factors are beyond your control like genetics but others you can focus on prevention.  There are still causes that remain unknown to science and there will be patients who are diagnosed with cancer who have a combination of any of these factors.   Often it is very difficult to pinpoint the exact cause.

There are habits within your own life that you can change to prevent cancer like quitting smoking and staying out of the sun.  Regular checkups and early detection can be the key to surviving cancer if you find yourself with the dreaded diagnosis.

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